NSCISC

Life Expectancy Calculator

Person’s current age       
Injury Date  
Male or Female
Ethnicity
Current Level of Education
Type of Insurance
Ventilator Used
References:

1. DeVivo MJ, Stover SL. Long-term survival and causes of death. In: Stover SL, DeLisa JA, Whiteneck GG, editors. Spinal cord injury: clinical outcomes from the Model Systems. Gaithersburg (MD): Aspen, 1995, pp 289-316.

2. DeVivo MJ, Ivie CS. Life expectancy of ventilator-dependent persons with spinal cord injuries. Chest 1995;108:226-232.

3. DeVivo MJ, Krause JS, Lammertse DP. Recent trends in mortality and causes of death among persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999;80:1411-1419.

4. Strauss D, DeVivo MJ, Shavelle R. Long-term mortality risk after spinal cord injury. J Insur Med 2000;32:11-16.

5. Strauss D, Shavelle R, DeVivo MJ, Day S. An analytic method for longitudinal mortality studies. J Insur Med 2000;32:217-225.

6. DeVivo MJ. Estimating life expectancy for use in determining lifetime costs of care. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2002;7(4):49-58.

7. Krause JS, DeVivo MJ, Jackson AB. Health status, community integration, and economic risk factors for mortality after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:1764-1773.

8. Strauss DJ, DeVivo MJ, Paculdo DR, Shavelle RM. Trends in life expectancy after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006;87:1079-1085.

9. Shavelle RM, DeVivo MJ, Strauss DJ, Paculdo DR, Lammertse DP, Day SM. Long-term survival of persons ventilator dependent after spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2006;29:511-519.

10. Shavelle RM, DeVivo MJ, Paculdo DR, Vogel LC, Strauss DJ. Long-term survival after childhood spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2007;30(Suppl):S48-S54.

11. Strauss D, DeVivo M, Shavelle R, Brooks J, Paculdo D. Economic factor and longevity in spinal cord injury: a reappraisal. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008;89:572-574.

12. Krause JS, Saunders LL, DeVivo MJ. Income and risk of mortality after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011;92:339-345.

13. Cao Y, Krause JS, DiPiro N. Risk factors for mortality after spinal cord injury in the USA. Spinal Cord 2013;51:413-418.

14. Cao Y, Massaro JF, Krause JS, Chen Y, DeVivo MJ. Suicide mortality after spinal cord injury in the United States: injury cohort analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2014;95:230-235.

15. Shavelle RM, Paculdo DR, Tran LM, Strauss DJ, Brooks JC, DeVivo MJ. Mobility, continence, and life expectancy in persons with ASIA impairment scale grade D spinal cord injuries. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2015;94:180-191.

16. Shavelle RM, DeVivo MJ, Brooks JC, Strauss DJ, Paculdo DR. Improvements in long-term survival after spinal cord injury? Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96:645-651.

17. Nahm LS, Chen Y, DeVivo MJ, Lloyd LK. Bladder cancer mortality after spinal cord injury over 4 decades. J Urol 2015;193:1923-1928.

18. Krauss JS, Cao Y, DeVivo MJ, DiPiro ND. Risk and protective factors for cause-specific mortality after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016;97:1669-1678.